What You Need To Know About The Count : NPR

This map, which shows the number of votes for the electoral college after the 2010 census, will change after the first 2020 national staff results are released on Monday. Hide NPR labeling

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This map, which shows the number of votes for the electoral college after the 2010 census, will change after the first 2020 national staff results are released on Monday.

NPR

The first results of the 2020 census will be released on Monday, the US Census Bureau has confirmed. Acting director of the Federal Statistical Office, Ron Jarmin, is expected to report new population figures to the public 3 pm ET virtual press conference, and the numbers will also be published on the Office website.

The long-awaited announcement is about to restore the balance of power for the next decade in the United States House of Representatives and the electoral college where Each state’s share of the vote is tied to its census figures.

Results have been around for months due to delays due to the coronavirus pandemic and the Trump administration interference last year. Under current federal lawThese state population figures were due by the end of 2020 The office has been warning since last April These census results will be delivered later than originally planned. A non-partisan group of legislators Recently, there was renewed pressure in Congress to officially extend the legal reporting deadlines for the 2020 census.

COMIC: How your state gains or loses political power through the census

The census estimates the US population at 336 million prior to the actual census

Based on Office estimatesThe latest record should show that the growth in the number of people living in the United States has slowed to the lowest level the country has seen since the 1940 census following the Great Depression. However, disruption from COVID-19 during last year’s census has made it particularly difficult to predict changes in the population of each state.

Last year’s record was the country’s 24th census – a tradition mandated once a decade by the constitution since 1790 – and it is the ninth census the U.S. government has attempted to include any person who lives in the country in numbers for the reallocation of seats in Congress. Prior to the 1940 census, the constitution used the phrase “without taxed Indians” excluded some Indians from the division counts.

Here’s what else you need to know:

Why did it take so long to get these census results?

COVID-19 forced the agency to postpone the personal count for months, and office door knockers also had to deal with hurricanes and forest fires in some parts of the country. How NPR reported firstThe census was further paused last July when the Trump administration decided to shorten the schedule for collecting census responses and performing quality checks on the data collected. According to the bureau, it took additional time to sort one high volume of duplicate and incomplete answers.

After a disrupted census, Congress is trying again to extend the deadlines for the results

Were people who died of COVID-19 included in the census last year?

The census was intended to be a snapshot of the country’s population at the time of the census (April 1, 2020), so U.S. citizens who died prior to that date should not be included Office residence criteria. People who died on or after April 1 of last year should have been counted.

Does these census results provide information about race, ethnicity, age, gender, and population for counties, cities, and other smaller areas?

No, this information will be released with the second set of 2020 census results. This more detailed demographic information is needed for the redesign of constituencies. It is also used to control the distribution of a an estimated $ 1.5 trillion per year in federal grants for Medicare, Medicaid, education, and other public services to local communities.

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When will this demographic data be published?

The office plans to release this information by August 16. New redistribution dates for the states were due by the end of March. However, the office says it is falling behind schedule in conducting quality checks after the Trump administration put pressure on it to prioritize President Donald Trump’s new state numbers wanted to change before leaving office.

However, the timing can change depending on the outcome of two lawsuits. Alabama and Ohio are urging federal courts to force the office to release this data by the end of July so they can meet their state restructuring deadlines. Alabama’s lawsuit also seeks to prevent the office from using a new technique known as granular privacy to keep personal information in anonymized census data confidential. If Alabama wins, the release of the data will be “several months” delayed after August, the agency’s chief scientist said in one recent judicial filing.

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How accurate are these census numbers?

It will be difficult to say for sure right away. The The bureau’s career officials said The agency has not found anything in the data to suggest that the census is “unsuitable for its constitutional and legal purposes.”

But no US census was perfect. Last minute changes to the schedule by the pandemic and Trump officials have increased Concerns about how well certain groups were counted, especially historically under-counted groups They are less likely to attend the census unless they receive personal visits from door knockers. The Trump administration failed urge for a citizenship issue Households with immigrants and people of color may also have continued to deter them from being counted.

For the first time, the same day the office publishes the first numbers, the office publishes quality metrics at the national and state levels. However, census experts say that metrics are needed at a more detailed level because the quality of the census can vary widely from district to district.

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American Statistical Association researchers conduct an independent review of the Count’s quality, and they are is expected to publish its first report in June. The Census Bureau conducts its post-enumeration survey to estimate how many people may have been missing and how frequently and racially ethnic and ethnic groups have been over- and under-counted. It is not expected that these results will be published in the first place December.

Can we repeat the census?

It’s unclear If the state’s population from a revision could be used to reallocate seats in the House of Representatives – the Count’s primary purpose, as set out in the Constitution. Federal law allows a “mid-decade census” in 2025, but the results cannot be used to redistribute the house. There’s also a question about money: Would Congress be willing to fund an additional workforce of $ 15.6 billion soon after what is likely the most expensive census in US history?

Why the number of deployed troops in 2020 a

What happens next to the first census results?

These state populations and the new home seat allocation are part of a Handover process Inclusion of the Trade Secretary overseeing the Office, President and Congress. Ultimately, the numbers are certified by the Employee of the housewho is then accused of officially reporting them to the states.

Some states that have lost seats could sue the Biden administration to question house redistribution, and that could change some states’ new number of congressional districts ahead of next year’s midterm elections. The new electoral college map, with votes based on each state’s most recent seat share in Congress, will go into effect from the 2024 presidential race.

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